Estonian maritime cluster is the collection of enterprises operating in the same field in the same national territory. Maritime cluster associated companies are mostly concentrated in Tallinn and its surrounding in Harju County. In 2012, 65% of all maritime companies were registered in Harju County. The turnover of the companies registered in Harju County constituted ca 95% of the turnover of the whole maritime cluster in 2012 and 93% of the total number of employees in 2012. The biggest field of activity in Harju County was the sub-cluster of maritime service and intermediate commercials transactions that constituted ca 32% of the registered companies. In terms of number of companies, the second largest county in 2012 was Pärnu County, where 84 maritime cluster related companies were registered in 2012, ie 8% of all studied companies. The turnover of the companies registered in Pärnu County constituted ca 1% of the turnover of the whole maritime cluster in 2012 and 1% of the total number of employees in 2012, most of the turnover and employees came from sub-clusters of fishing and processing and aquaculture (52%) and shipbuilding and repair (respectively 52% and 24%). In terms of number of enterprises, the third largest county was Tartu and the fourth largest county was Saare, where respectively 6.5% and 5.4% of all companies were registered. The least maritime cluster related companies were registered Võru, Valga, Järva and Rapla County and this may be due to the location of counties away from bodies of water.
Estonian Maritime Academy, Tallinn
Raivo Portsmuth, Kaidi Nõmmela, Tõnis Hunt, Erik Terk, Silja Lassur